Nowadays, there are so many different kinds of weed concentrates, each with around a dozen nicknames, such as smash, budder, rosin, wax, and dabs. So what difference is there? And which one is the right one?
The reality is, there are two key differentiating factors: whether or not solvents have been used in the method of refining and the texture of the finished products.
Liquids used to remove other compounds are solvents. Various types of solvents, such as butane, carbon dioxide, alcohol, propane or CO2, can be used to remove cannabinoids from herb, kief, shake, or trim to produce a highly concentrated substance, the case of cannabis concentrates.
Usually, “Shatter” is made with butane as the solvent, and Butane Hash Oil, or BHO, for short, is its more scientific name. CO2 oil, used in most vapor pen cartridges, is another common form of solvent extract.
Solvent extracts, such as BHO or CO2 oil, have two issues. For example, there is likely to be residual solvent in the final product, which may affect the extract’s taste and consistency. Plus, it is more risky and costly to make these extracts than their non-solvent counterparts. That’s because solvents are toxic and flammable, and it can cost hundreds of thousands of dollars for the equipment required.
Sometimes, the texture of solvent extracts appears pure. BHO “shatter” done well is known for its smooth, glass-like look. But that doesn’t make them better or higher in content than solventless extracts.
About 60 and 90 percent THC is checked by solvent and solventless extracts, producing a significantly better high than standard cannabis oil.
Solventless extracts, such as rosin, are, for a variety of reasons, becoming increasingly popular. For example, there are no solvents used in the process of removing rosin, as the name suggests, and so no risk of smoking or vaping residual chemicals.
What’s more, rosin and other solventless extracts are cheap and straightforward to make at home.
Rosin is practically a solventless shatterer. It is made by crushing the cannabis herb, kief, or trim with a lot of pressure between two scorching surfaces, effectively squeezing the bud with resinous sap. An extract with a sappy texture and translucent color is the result. If rosin is produced correctly, much of the original bud’s color, fragrance, and terpenes can be preserved, rendering it preferable to solvent extracts that run the risk of containing butane, propane, or alcohol.
In a “dab,” both of these extracts should be ingested the same way. Therefore, dabs are not solvent or solventless unique, nor the way you smoke them. Dabs are usually vaporized using a dab rig, consisting of a “nail” attachment water pipe instead of a “bowl” to bring flowers into it. Using a blow torch, the nail is heated, then consumers put a chunk or ‘dab’ of extract on the hot surface. While the user inhales, the extract vaporizes easily on the hot nail. The vapor is filtered into the bong’s water, giving the heavy cannabinoid concentrate a good smooth hit.
There are other choices if you find a blowtorch to be overwhelming. There are also electronic rigs (e nail), and portable dab rigs, which heat themselves electronically with the click of a button, for people who want the ease of setting an exact temperature on their nail.
Both cannabis concentrates, and dabbing are very straightforward. There’s no better time to make your own rosin.